The concept of integrated mosquito management is an essential element of this county’s mosquito control program. The goal of Integrated Mosquito Management (IMM) is to control mosquito populations by using the most effective and economical procedures and materials available with the least adverse effects to the surrounding environment. Four components of IMM were defined by the AMCA in its partnership in the EPA Pesticide Environmental Stewardship Program: source reduction, larviciding, adulticiding, and biological control.
Although the suppression of mosquito populations is important to the residential life of this community, the main focus of this program is the elimination of potential mosquito borne diseases. Mosquitoes are capable of carrying a number of arthropod-borne viruses. The two arboviruses that are of concern in Dare County are Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) and West Nile Virus (WNV).
In addition to the Dare County mosquito suppression program there are precautions everyone can take to help protect from mosquito borne diseases. The following guidelines are designed to lessen any potential risk.
- Avoid outdoor activity during dawn and dusk; when mosquito activity is high
- Cover exposed areas of skin with long pants, loose fitting long-sleeved shirts, shoes, and hats
- Use mosquito repellants containing DEET
- When using DEET products, follow the instructions and be especially careful when applying to children
- Keep all window screens in good repair to prevent mosquitoes from entering your home
- Avoid outdoor activity in areas known to have high mosquito activity